Throughout history the world has gone through a lot of change, and continues to change.

Those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it.

George Santayana, American Philosopher

But what can we learn from history and geography?

Geography has made us neighbours. History has made us friends. Economics has made us partners, and necessity has made us allies. 

John F Kennedy

The 19th, 20th and 21st centauries have seen the movement to the 'modern' world as we know it, but what is the modern world?

Have a think about how physical geography can both limit and provide opportunities to nations, how for many, their nations and even culture were made in large part due to physical geography. The abundance, or lack of, resources like water, arable land, natural gas and oil, has led led to opportunities and war for many. Having access to these resources, and having the ability to limit access for others, has maintained power struggles throughout the globe for centauries.

Geopolitics looks at the ways in which international affairs can be understood through geographical factors; not just the physical landscape, but also climate, demographics, cultural regions and access to natural resources.

Tim Marshall, Prisoners of Geography, 2016
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